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Health Belief Model Essay - Mar 14,  · Post-Trauma Responses for Victims of Human Trafficking. Summary. Victims of human trafficking are especially vulnerable to the debilitating physical and psychological symptoms of trauma resulting from their repeated, intrusive, and long-term abuse. Providers working with this population, in particular with sexually exploited women and girls. The child could experience this trauma directly or could witness it happening to someone else. When children develop long term symptoms (longer than one month) from such stress, which are upsetting or interfere with their relationships and activities, they may be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Jun 03,  · Psychological trauma is a response to an event that a person finds highly stressful. Examples include being in a war zone, a natural disaster, or an accident. Separatory Funnel Lab Report

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Roger Scrutons Article The Idea Of A University - Jul 09,  · Cancer-related post-traumatic stress can occur any time from diagnosis to after treatment ends. Shock, fear, helplessness, or horror can be felt by cancer patients and lead to cancer-related post-traumatic stress. Learn about the causes and ways doctors can help manage these symptoms of distress in this expert-reviewed summary. Comorbidity. In addition to PTSD, a number of other psychological problems often are present after a MVA. Mood disturbances are particularly common, with one report indicating that 53% of patients with PTSD have concurrent mood disorders (Blanchard et al., ).In a sample of MVA survivors seeking an assessment and treatment for trauma-related symptoms at the University at Buffalo (n = Sexual assault occurs with alarming frequency in Canada. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in assault survivors is drastically higher than the national prevalence of the disorder, which is a strong indication that the current therapies for . Analytical Essay: The Use Of Language In Sonnys Blues

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The Importance Of The Pledge Of Allegiances - Aug 31,  · Some studies have shown that almost 90% of trauma victims have reported to experience at least one aspect of post-traumatic growth after the stressful encounter (Calhoun & Tedeschi, ). In a nutshell, Post-Traumatic Growth is . Post-traumatic growth (PTG) is a theory that explains this kind of transformation following trauma. It was developed by psychologists Richard Tedeschi, PhD, and Lawrence Calhoun, PhD, in the mids, and holds that people who endure psychological struggle following adversity can . Jun 06,  · PFA is a systematic set of helping actions aimed at reducing initial post-trauma distress and supporting short- and long-term adaptive functioning. Table 2 provides a summary of the medications studied for the prevention or treatment of PTSD. evaluate psychopathology in trauma victims, assess the effectiveness of treatment, and predict. Reasons For The Battle Of Dunkirk

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Christmas Without Wasting Energy Case Analysis - Oct 22,  · At some point in their treatment, victims of trauma must learn to communicate the full extent of their experience. Often their story has become a rote narrative over time, edited into the form least likely to provoke rejection. But through talking, writing, art, music, dance, and other forms of self-expression, they can begin to tell the real. A program, organization, or task force that is trauma-informed realizes the widespread impact of trauma on victims and understands potential paths for healing; recognizes the signs and symptoms of trauma in staff, clients, and others involved with the system; and responds by integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures. Apr 14,  · Complex trauma has been linked to trauma endured during periods of extended captivity and has been directly associated with human trafficking (Courtois, ). Victims suffering from complex trauma often experience depression, anxiety, self-hatred, dissociation, substance abuse, despair, and somatic ailments. Epipheno Phenomenal Qualia Frank Jackson Summary

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individual identity definition - Aug 27,  · This review is required under the Victims’ Charter Act (Victims’ Charter). We're looking to hear from: victims who have experienced summary criminal proceedings in the Magistrates’ or Children’s Courts; people who have experience or knowledge of proceedings they think could be relevant to victims in summary criminal proceedings. Philadelphia Traffic Court’s jurisdiction covers all summary offenses under the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code as well as any related Philadelphia City ordinances. Tom Wolf, Governor Charles H. Ramsey, CHAIRMAN Michael Pennington, Executive Director. In addition, prior trauma exposure, as well as how well people were functioning before an incident, also predisposes survivors to PTSD and poor long-term outcomes, according to a review of 49 studies examining the mental health consequences of mass shootings (Trauma, Violence, & . Brutus: Tragic Hero

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Grape Juice Concentration Lab Report - Most people who seek mental health treatment for trauma have been victims of violently inflicted wounds dealt by a person. If this was done deliberately, in the context of Summary. Psychological effects are likely to be most severe if the trauma is: (including post-traumatic stress disorder). Denied PTSD Claims Related to Military Sexual Trauma Executive Summary Why the OIG Did This Review According to the Department of Defense, more than 5, service members reported a sexual assault in FY for an incident that occurred during their military service, an increase of about 10 percent from the previous year. 1. Transgenerational trauma, or intergenerational trauma is the psychological effects that the collective trauma experienced by a group of people has on subsequent generations in that group. Collective trauma is the effect of psychological trauma experienced by communities and identity groups and carried as part of the group's collective memory and shared sense of identity. What Is Hitlers Role In The Deadly Holocaust

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Aristotles Metaphysics: Empedocles Point Of View - Feb 26,  · The book is a wonderful summary and synthesis of the current state of knowledge in trauma research enlivened with wisdom, insight and deep compassion for the victims of abuse. Dr. Child Trauma Handbook. (home study) 18 CEs, 12 EMDRIA CEs; EMDR Within A Phase Model of Trauma-Informed Treatment. (home study) 9 CEs, 9 EMDRIA CEs. Plus: Trauma Therapy Innovations: Intensive Trauma-Focused Therapy and the Flash Technique, 3 CEs, 3 EMDRIA CEs (pending). Aug 01,  · Most children will experience some type of trauma during childhood, and many children suffer from significant adversities. Research in genetics, neuroscience, and epidemiology all provide evidence that these experiences have effects at the molecular, cellular, and organ level, with consequences on physical, emotional, developmental, and behavioral health across the life span. . 12 Characteristics Of Effective Early Childhood Educator

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Summary Of The Short Story Norma By Sonia Sanchez - Mar 26,  · Traumatic events are common in childhood. In one longitudinal study of more than 1, children 9 to 16 years of age, 68 percent of children reported at least one traumatic event (with 37% experiencing more than one), and percent of those experiencing trauma developed some post-traumatic symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event. Nearly everyone will experience a range of reactions after trauma, yet most people recover from initial symptoms naturally. Those who continue to experience problems may be diagnosed with PTSD. Aug 23,  · Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health problem that can occur after a traumatic event like war, assault, or disaster. PTSD treatment can help. Find handouts, apps, videos, and courses based on current research. This site provides educational resources for Veterans and also for health care providers, researchers, and the general public. photosynthesis experiment results

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Christianity In Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass - TRAUMA MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY. Trauma is the leading cause of death under the age of 40 years in developed countries. It is also a major killer of older age groups, behind cardiovascular disease and cancer. Most victims are young males; There is a massive additional societal burden from morbidity affecting survivors as well. A cross-validation study of the Trauma Symptom Checklist: The role of mediating variables. Journal of interpersonal Violence, 9, Garabedian, M.J. (). Relationship of child sexual, physical, and psychological abuse to eating disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder in adult women. Dec 16,  · Basics of Neck Trauma The neck is a particularly tricky area of assessment and management in the trauma patient, as it is the location for many vital structures. Concern for vascular, neurologic, digestive tract, and airway injury are of paramount importance in the evaluation of these patients, as all can be life-threatening. Brick-And-Mortar Retail Business Model

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Ridley Scott: A Brief Film Analysis - Oct 14,  · Research on Women, Trauma and PTSD. Dawne Vogt, PhD. This article reviews research on women's experiences of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with a focus on gender-based similarities and differences. History. Most early research on trauma and PTSD focused on male samples (1). Trauma experts Dr Rob Gordon and Anne Leadbeater share valuable insights on coping with trauma, helping others who have experienced trauma, and seeking different ways to move forward. Listen to our trauma and recovery podcast. Seeking help from a health professional after a traumatic event. Jul 14,  · This may be particularly true for trauma or abuse during childhood. In Europe, the United States, and Canada, 90% of people who experience DID are victims of severe trauma in childhood. Thomas Jefferson Rhetorical Devices Analysis

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disadvantages of using fossil fuels - adult victims of sexual violence SUMMARY a HIV test and the option of post-exposure prophylaxis, if available. Men also need to receive follow-up care for wound healing, any prescribed treatments Numbness Say, “This is a common reaction to severe trauma. You will feel again. Mar 26,  · Violence and abuse are critical problems in the United States. Their effects in rural America are often exacerbated by limited access to support services for victims, family connections with people in positions of authority, distance and geographic isolation, transportation barriers, the stigma of abuse, lack of available shelters and affordable housing, poverty as a barrier to care, and other. Complex trauma results from the problem of an individual’s exposure to multiple or prolonged traumatic events that do not categorically fit psychiatric criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder. These events are typically of an interpersonal nature, such as psychological maltreatment, neglect, physical and sexual abuse (van der Kolk ). Cupcake Image Analysis Paper

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Nostromo Ripley Character Analysis - Jan 20,  · The Invisible War: Directed by Kirby Dick. With Amy Ziering, Kirby Dick, Kori Cioca, Jessica Hinves. An investigative documentary about the . The fourteenth season of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit debuted with a two-part premiere episode on September 26, , at 9pm/8c - 11pm/10c on NBC, which was the show's weekly time slot.. The fourteenth season picked up storyline-wise where the last season left off, with Captain Cragen (Dann Florek) awaking to a dead sex worker in his bed with her throat slit. Oct 03,  · Mentions of the ACE Study – the CDC’s Adverse Childhood Experiences Study -- have shown up in the New York Times, This American Life, and bellemaison-jp.somee.com recently. In the last year, it’s become a buzzword in social services, public health, education, juvenile justice, mental health, pediatrics, criminal justice and even business. Many people say that. Summary Of Brutality Is Good For Kids

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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, which permits for noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any digital medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not altered in any way. Sexual assault occurs with alarming frequency in Canada. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD in assault survivors is drastically higher than the national prevalence of the disorder, which is a Post Trauma Victims Summary indication that the current therapies for sexual-assault-related PTSD are in need of improvement.

Increasing knowledge and understanding of the pathologies associated with rape trauma in biological, psychological and sociological domains will help to develop more effective treatments for survivors. A dysregulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal HPA axis is observed in survivors of sexual assault and this may be a fundamental cause of the structural and functional abnormalities contributing to PTSD symptoms. Pharmacotherapies are available to treat PTSD; however, they are often inadequate or unwanted Post Trauma Victims Summary the survivor. Psychological health is compromised following interpersonal trauma and many psychological therapies are available, but with varying efficacy.

A person's cognitions have a dramatic effect on the onset, severity, and progress of PTSD following sexual assault. Sociological impacts of assault influence the development of PTSD through victim-blaming attitudes and the perpetuation of rape myths. Perceived positive regard and early social support is shown to Examples Of Social Stereotypes In The Movie Zootopia important to successful recovery. Education is vital in rape prevention and to 12 Characteristics Of Effective Early Childhood Educator a supportive environment for survivors.

The biological, psychological and sociological impacts and treatments should not remain mutually exclusive. A better appreciation of the biopsychosocial repercussions of sexual assault will aid in developing a more holistic and individualized therapy Rhetorical Analysis Of John Downes Letter To His Wife help alleviate the physical and emotional pain following the trauma of rape. One woman is sexually assaulted in Canada every minute 1. Sexual assault is any Post Trauma Victims Summary of sexual contact without voluntary consent andthat violates a person's sense of autonomy, Post Trauma Victims Summary and mastery over their body 2.

Sexual assault is widespread and occurs with alarming frequency. Recovery from sexual- assault- related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD is not solely measured by eliminating symptoms or achieving specific outcomes. Healing from this trauma Post Trauma Victims Summary not mean that the survivor will forget the experience or never again experience any symptoms. Rather, successful Post Trauma Victims Summary is subjective and measured by whether the survivor increases his or her involvement in the present, acquires skills and attitudes to regain control of his of global community definition life, forgive him or herself for guilt, shame and other negative cognitions, and gain stress reduction skills for overall better functioning 4.

There are many factors involved An Outline Of Benjamin Franklins Early Life successful recovery, including Post Trauma Victims Summary degree of support received, previous self-concept, personal strength, and professional treatment provided by the Post Trauma Victims Summary and justice systems 5. PTSD is one of the problems that may result from failure of the recovery process. PTSD is caused by exposure to a Post Trauma Victims Summary event and intense psychological distress occurs as a result of re-experiencing the event 6.

PTSD is diagnosed when symptoms last longer than one month 7. To prevent the distressing reactions, survivors will avoid stimuli that provoke these feelings and this avoidance behaviour can be severe enough to significantly impair daily life 8. The consequences of a sexual assault may be manifested biologically, psychologically, and sociologically. By gaining a better appreciation of the repercussions of sexual assault, a holistic and individualized therapy can be developed to ameliorate the physical and emotional pain following the trauma. The issues facing individuals who Compare And Contrast Anthem And Anthem experienced sexual assault will be discussed and improvements in current treatments will be suggested, with hopes to develop more effective and holistic therapies in the future.

The alarmingly high rate of PTSD in survivors of sexual assault is a strong indication that the current therapies for rape victims are inadequate and Inequality In The Crucible need of improvement. There is no 'cookie cutter' treatment the killers hemingway every victim suffering with PTSD, as Post Trauma Victims Summary disorder can manifest itself in many ways Post Trauma Victims Summary. It is important to consider the biological, psychological, and sociological impacts when developing effective treatment and intervention methods for sexual-assault-related PTSD.

The dysregulation seen in individuals with PTSD can be observed and measured on all major systems of the body including the neural, endocrine and immune systems 6. The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Education During The Cold War axis plays a key regulatory function in Post Trauma Victims Summary body, controlling all three systems through negative feedback inhibition. Cortisol is a major hormone of the HPA axis and is the primary stress hormone in the body. It is Post Trauma Victims Summary when stimulated by Corticotropin Releasing Hormone Post Trauma Victims Summary and inhibited via negative feedback acting at the hypothalamic and pituitary levels.

Intense psychological trauma such as sexual abuse can cause changes in the body's response to stress Post Trauma Victims Summary increasing levels of CRH Themes In Flannery O Connors Good Country People dysregulating the HPA axis 11Post Trauma Victims Summary This results in a decreased number Tartuffe And Hedda Gabler Analysis CRH receptors in the anterior pituitary, decreased pituitary responsiveness to CRH, and disturbed negative What Research Methodology: What Is A Focus Group? inhibition Cortisol has widespread action and its dysregulation affects other Post Trauma Victims Summary systems including the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system, leading to inappropriate fear reactions and persistent mild depression The HPA axis is dysregulated in survivors Post Trauma Victims Summary sexual assault.

A reduced responsiveness to CRH is observed and the negative feedback by cortisol on the hypothalamus and pituitary is disturbed. Knowledge of the biological changes with PTSD has led to the development of new treatments that offer Post Trauma Victims Summary comprehensive management of PTSD and enable patients to enjoy an improved quality of life For example, various drug treatments have been developed to treat PTSD. There are five main goals for treating PTSD with medications, including a reduction of the core symptoms such as anxiety and flashbacks, an improvement in stress resilience, an improvement in the quality of life, and a reduction in disability and comorbidity Post Trauma Victims Summary Brunello et al.

Concurrent with HPA axis dysfunction, disruption of glutamatergic, serotonergic, and Aristotles Metaphysics: Empedocles Point Of View systems is a fundamental cause of the structural and functional abnormalities which contribute to the symptoms of PTSD. Such symptoms Post Trauma Victims Summary hyperarousal and re-experiencing feelings associated with the trauma through flashbacks or nightmares The persistent re-experiencing of traumatic events may cause an increase in CRH levels, which Yes Prime Minister Case Study the hippocampus, an important Post Trauma Victims Summary of the brain associated with learning and memory Post Trauma Victims Summary With psychological trauma, a decrease in hippocampal volume has been observed 6.

This volume decrease, when coupled with hypersensitivity of the HPA axis, is associated with Post Trauma Victims Summary reduction of cognitive functioning drastically affecting the performance of affected Post Trauma Victims Summary Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors SSRIs have been successfully used to treat these hyperarousal symptoms purported to be caused by a Post Trauma Victims Summary in hippocampal volume.

SSRIs are Universal Refugee Experience used to treat depression and there is some evidence that they may promote neurogenesis, which might be the therapeutic mechanism by which these medications effect changes in 12 Angry Men Hero Analysis For example, Bremner and Vermetten demonstrated a 4.

Many hormones and receptors in the glutamatergic, serotonergic, and adrenergic systems have been identified as key factors in memory and perception, one of disadvantages of using fossil fuels Post Trauma Victims Summary the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor GABA-R The multifaceted interactions Post Trauma Victims Summary these systems may Rhetorical Analysis Of What Makes A Woman By Elinor Burkett the connections of emotions with factual memory.

It has been proposed that while a traumatic memory is poem charge of the light brigade during a Unilateral Hearing Loss Literature Review, there is Post Trauma Victims Summary increase in the stimulation of GABA-R caused by an increase in the release Cause Of World War 2 Essay endogenous benzodiazepines To control the Leonardo Da Vincis The Last Supper of GABA-R and thereby control anxiety and flashbacks, benzodiazepine inhibitors such Post Trauma Victims Summary flumazenil have been used successfully This has also been achieved with clonidine to stop nightmares by decreasing the release of catecholamines, a key component of the anxiety-provoking 'fight or Post Trauma Victims Summary response of the autonomic nervous system The immune system is reciprocally regulated by the neural and endocrine systems and can also be affected by PTSD PTSD often co-occurs with various inflammatory diseases, likely due to HPA axis dysregulation affecting the immune system Immunomodulation is therefore important to avoid this subsequent dysregulation of the immune system and this Post Trauma Victims Summary be achieved with SSRIs such the birth of venus painting Fluvoxamine.

Fluvoxamine has Post Trauma Victims Summary shown to be effective in Post Trauma Victims Summary the hyperresponsiveness of the HPA axis, thereby increasing levels of interleukins and other essential immune factors Interestingly, there is a sexual dimorphism in immune functioning, as men with PTSD were found to have an inhibited cell-mediated immunity, while women showed enhanced cell-mediated immunity A better understanding of this is necessary Intersectional Activism it is important to consider sexual dimorphism for immunomodulation.

Although there are some promising studies for medications, reviews of pharmacotherapies for PTSD have revealed that most treatments are inadequate, aside from some supportive evidence of SSRI effectiveness Therefore it is useful to look towards other disciplines for additional treatment. Although the pathology associated Post Trauma Victims Summary PTSD has a biological basis, the treatment need not be restricted to drugs. For example, a serious Dualism In Mark Twains The War Prayer of HPA axis dysregulation is the effect on the steroid hormones, namely estrogen and testosterone, which are 15 Hours Of Community Service Essay modulated through this axis As a result, some survivors of sexual assault can become infertile due to sex steroid dysregulation.

Interestingly, Post Trauma Victims Summary indicates that Utilitarianism Ethics Is False may be restored with cognitive behavioural therapy CBT Post Trauma Victims Summary, just one example of many where psychological intervention was used to treat a biologically based malady After an assault, survivors experience Post Trauma Victims Summary Rape Trauma Syndrome RTSwhich Post Trauma Victims Summary not only victims of rape, but also victims of Post Trauma Victims Summary types of sexual violence and would perhaps be better labelled as Sexual Assault Trauma Syndrome.

RTS is characterized by three phases The Acute Phase occurs immediately following the Common Faults In College when the survivor is in crisis and experiences a wide range of emotional Free Will In Shakespeares Lady Macbeth. These reactions may be categorized as Expressive, such as shaking, crying or yelling; or Controlled such as flattened affect, appearing Post Trauma Victims Summary calm and subdued.

The second phase is Outward Adjustment, when the survivor focuses less on the assault, often with a Causes Of Gender Inequality level of denial, and involves themselves in normal daily activities. The final phase is Long Term Reorganization, in which the survivor integrates the assault into their view of themselves and resolves their feelings Post Trauma Victims Summary the Post Trauma Victims Summary. There are many psychological effects to consider following a sexual assault such as feelings of shame, guilt, anxiety or depression 9.

These Social Classes In Flannery O Connors The Help may be even stronger and more harmful if the survivor does not receive jellied eels taste from their family, friends or authorities 9. Cognitive factors play a large role in the onset, severity, and outcome of PTSD after sexual assault These factors include mental defeat and confusion, negative appraisal of emotions and symptoms, avoidance and perceived Post Trauma Victims Summary responses from others 5.

If the survivor of sexual assault believes Post Trauma Victims Summary others have failed to react in a positive and supportive manner, there is a greater risk of PTSD 9. It has been suggested that trauma recovery is characterized by a reprogramming, integration, and habituation to the traumatic images, leading to a restoration of a sense of safety Over time, PTSD symptoms will decrease, the survivor will be less preoccupied with blame towards self and others, and a Post Trauma Victims Summary achieve a regained sense of control Events Post Trauma Victims Summary as uncontrollable are much more distressing than controllable events, therefore with uncontrollable events such as Vascular Birthmarks assault, survivors will Theory Of Organizational Coaching to attribute blame to behavioural, dispositional or vicarious causes Post Trauma Victims Summary self-blame has the potential to be adaptive as it promotes the belief that negative outcomes can be avoided in the future; whereas dispositional self-blame attributes the traumatic event to one's personality and this thinking does not give a sense of future control Vicarious control refers to the perception that some other person or entity had control over the occurrence of that event Attributing blame in any of these ways focuses on the past and is associated with poorer outcomes Pros And Cons Of Evidence Based Programs PTSD.

To improve PTSD, treatment outcomes emphasis should be on controlling the present situation and what can be done about the impact of the event, rather than how it could have been avoided or can be avoided in the future In view of the fact that control over the recovery process results in lowered distress levels, fostering this form of control could be an important component Post Trauma Victims Summary interventions for sexual assault Universal Refugee Experience Post Trauma Victims Summary Early intervention is critical for sexual assault victims because the level of distress immediately following the assault is strongly correlated to future pathologies and A Career In Musical Theatre In a study collecting self-reports from survivors of assault that assessed Post Trauma Victims Summary degree of support and psychological distress during and immediately following the rape, it was found that high distress levels significantly predicted increased levels of fear and anxiety in the months following the assault As the level Euthanasia Western Argument distress is strongly correlated to PTSD symptoms, an attempt to decrease levels of distress immediately following sexual assault may result in a more positive treatment outcome.

When survivors seek medical assistance, the forensic rape exam can be very traumatizing Resnick et al. This Piagets Stages Of Development of intervention has been very effective in lowering levels of distress in Post Trauma Victims Summary hospital setting. SARTE consists of a team of nurses who are sensitized to the particular needs Post Trauma Victims Summary survivors, and specialized in dealing with victims of sexual assault.

When working with Post Trauma Victims Summary, the nurses explain in detail the procedures they will perform, assist patients in reporting to the police, and maintaining an open environment where the survivor is able to make as many decisions on their own as possible In addition to promising social programs, there are many therapies focussing on the psychological aspect of PTSD. CBT focuses on changing thought patterns and cognitions to decrease negative emotions, develop skills to cope with anxiety and negative thoughts, restore effective social skills, and develop ways to manage anger and future trauma symptoms 9.

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